“His Word and a spirit from Him”

The Meaning of “His Word and a spirit from Him”

`Abdur-Razzaq narrated that Ma`mar said that Qatadah said that the Ayah,

Surah An Nisa
﴿ وَڪَلِمَتُهُ ۥۤ أَلۡقَٮٰهَآ إِلَىٰ مَرۡيَمَ وَرُوحٌ۬ مِّنۡهُ‌ۖ ﴾
(And His Word, which He bestowed on Maryam and a spirit from (created by) Him;) means, He said,

﴿ كُنَّ ﴾
(Be) and he was.
Ibn Abi Hatim recorded that Ahmad bin Sinan Al-Wasiti said that he heard Shadh bin Yahya saying about Allah’s statement,

﴿ وَڪَلِمَتُهُ ۥۤ أَلۡقَٮٰهَآ إِلَىٰ مَرۡيَمَ وَرُوحٌ۬ مِّنۡهُ‌ۖ ﴾
“And His Word, which He bestowed on Maryam and a spirit from (created by) Him; ”
`Isa was not the word. Rather, `Isa came to existence because of the word.”

Al-Bukhari recorded that `Ubadah bin As-Samit said that the Prophet said,

« مَنْ شَهِدَ أَنْ لَا إِلهَ إِلَّا اللهُ، وَحْدَهُ لَا شَرِيكَ لَهُ، وَأَنَّ مُحَمَّدًا عَبْدُهُ وَرَسُولُهُ، وَأَنَّ عِيسَى عَبْدُ اللهِ وَرَسُولُهُ وَكَلِمَتُهُ أَلْقَاهَا إِلى مَرْيَمَ وَرُوحٌ مِنْهُ، وَأَنَّ الْجَنَّةَ حَقٌّ، وَالنَّارَ حَقٌّ، أَدْخَلَهُ اللهُ الْجَنَّةَ عَلَى مَا كَانَ مِنَ الْعَمَل »
(If anyone testifies that none has the right to be worshipped but Allah Alone Who has no partners, and that Muhammad is His servant and Messenger, and that `Isa is Allah’s servant and Messenger and His Word which He bestowed on Maryam and a spirit created by Him, and that Paradise is true and Hell is true, then Allah will admit him into Paradise with the deeds which he performed.)

In another narration, the Prophet said,

« مِنْ أَبْوَابِ الْجَنَّةِ الثَّمَانِيَّةِ يَدْخُلُ مِنْ أَيِّهَا شَاء »
(…through any of the eight doors of Paradise he wishes.)

Muslim also recorded it. Therefore, `Ruh from Allah’, in the Ayah and the Hadith is similar to Allah’s statement,

﴿ وَسَخَّرَ لَكُم مَّا فِى ٱلسَّمَـٰوَٲتِ وَمَا فِى ٱلۡأَرۡضِ جَمِيعً۬ا مِّنۡهُ‌ۚ ﴾
(And has subjected to you all that is in the heavens and all that is in the earth; it is all from Him.)

meaning, from His creation. `from Him’ does not mean that it is a part of Him, as the Christians claim, may Allah’s continued curses be upon them.

Saying that something is from Allah, such as the spirit of Allah, the she-camel of Allah or the House of Allah, is meant to honor such items. Allah said,

﴿ هَـٰذِهِۦ نَاقَةُ ٱللَّهِ ﴾
(This is the she-camel of Allah…) and,

﴿ وَطَهِّرۡ بَيۡتِىَ لِلطَّآٮِٕفِينَ ﴾
(and sanctify My House for those who circumambulate it.)

An authentic Hadith states,

« فَأَدْخُلُ عَلَى رَبِّي فِي دَارِه »
(I will enter on my Lord in His Home)

All these examples are meant to honor such items when they are attributed to Allah in this manner. Allah said,

﴿ فَـَٔامِنُواْ بِٱللَّهِ وَرَسُولِهِ ﴾
(so believe in Allah and His Messengers.)

believe that Allah is One and Alone and that He does not have a son or wife. Know and be certain that `Isa is the servant and Messenger of Allah. Allah said after that,

﴿ وَلَا تَقُولُواْ ثَلَـٰثَةٌ‌ۚ ﴾
(Say not: “Three!”) do not elevate `Isa and his mother to be gods with Allah. Allah is far holier than what they attribute to Him. In Surat Al-Ma’idah (chapter 5), Allah said,

﴿ لَّقَدۡ ڪَفَرَ ٱلَّذِينَ قَالُوٓاْ إِنَّ ٱللَّهَ ثَالِثُ ثَلَـٰثَةٍ۬‌ۘ وَمَا مِنۡ إِلَـٰهٍ إِلَّآ إِلَـٰهٌ۬ وَٲحِدٌ۬‌ۚ ﴾
(Surely, disbelievers are those who said: “Allah is the third of the three.” But there is none who has the right to be worshipped but One God.) Allah said by the end of the same Surah,

﴿ وَإِذۡ قَالَ ٱللَّهُ يَـٰعِيسَى ٱبۡنَ مَرۡيَمَ ءَأَنتَ قُلۡتَ لِلنَّاسِ ٱتَّخِذُونِى ﴾
(And (remember) when Allah will say (on the Day of Resurrection): “O `Isa, son of Maryam! Did you say unto men: `Worship me”’) and in its beginning,

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This entry was posted in Answering Christian Missionary, Philosophy And Theology, Responds To Salafism. Bookmark the permalink.

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